Rhetoric[ edit ] Erasmus was a philologist, grammarian, theologian, and rhetorician. He is considered a key contributor to the rhetorical tradition because of his humanist approach to pedagogy, literary criticism, his own works including lettersand oratory. The Education of a Christian Prince highlights rhetoric designed to furnish the best practices for a young man in a critical religious and political position.
He advanced as far as the third-highest class at the chapter school of St. One of his teachers, Jan Synthen, was a humanist, as was the headmaster, Alexander Hegius. The schoolboy Erasmus was clever enough to write classical Latin verse that impresses a modern reader as cosmopolitan.
Having little other choice, both brothers entered monasteries. Erasmus chose the Augustinian canons regular at Steyn, near Gouda, where he seems to have remained about seven years — Thus, after his ordination to the priesthood Aprilhe was happy to escape the monastery by accepting a post as Latin secretary to the influential Henry of Bergen, bishop of Cambrai.
His Antibarbarorum liber, extant from a revision of —95, is a vigorous restatement of patristic arguments for the utility of the pagan classics, with a polemical thrust against the cloister he had left behind: To support his classical studies, he began taking in pupils; from this period — date the earliest versions of those aids to elegant Latin—including the Colloquia and the Adagia—that before long would be in use in humanist schools throughout Europe.
There he met Thomas Morewho became a friend for life. The impassioned Colet besought him to lecture on the Old Testament at Oxford, but the more cautious Erasmus was not ready. He returned to the Continent with a Latin copy of St. Voirier lent Erasmus a copy of works by Origenthe early Greek Christian writer who promoted the allegorical, spiritualizing mode of scriptural interpretation, which had roots in Platonic philosophy.
Erasmus sailed for England inhoping to find support for his studies. For the Aldine press Erasmus expanded his Adagia, or annotated collection of Greek and Latin adagesinto a monument of erudition with over 3, entries; this was the book that first made him famous.
With strenuous effort the very stuff of human nature could be molded, so as to draw out e-ducare peaceful and social dispositions while discouraging unworthy appetites. Erasmus, it would almost be true to say, believed that one is what one reads.
His later willingness to speak out as he did may have owed something to the courage of Colet, who risked royal disfavour by preaching a sermon against war at the court just as Henry VIII was looking for a good war in which to win his spurs.
Having returned to the Continent, Erasmus made connections with the printing firm of Johann Froben and traveled to Basel to prepare a new edition of the Adagia To remedy these evils Erasmus looked to education.
Erasmus tried to show the way with his annotated text of the Greek New Testament and his edition of St. Through Sauvage he was named honorary councillor to the year-old archduke Charles, the future Charles Vand was commissioned to write Institutio principis Christiani ; The Education of a Christian Prince and Querela pacis ; The Complaint of Peace.
It was at this time too that he began his Paraphrases of the books of the New Testament, each one dedicated to a monarch or a prince of the church.
He was accepted as a member of the theology faculty at nearby Leuven, and he also took keen interest in a newly founded Trilingual College, with endowed chairs in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew.
Ratio verae theologiae provided the rationale for the new theological education based on the study of languages. Revision of his Greek New Testament, especially of the copious annotationsbegan almost as soon as the first edition appeared. Though Erasmus certainly made mistakes as a textual critic, in the history of scholarship he is a towering figure, intuiting philological principles that in some cases would not be formulated explicitly until years after his death.
Paul, and in Erasmus privately instructed his printer, Froben, to stop printing works by Luther, lest the two causes be confused. He expressed his views indirectly through the Colloquia, which had started as schoolboy dialogues but now became a vehicle for commentary.
As he wrote privately to the Netherlandish pope Adrian VI —23whom he had known at Leuven, there was still hope of reconciliation, if only the church would ease the burden; this could be accomplished, for instance, by granting the chalice to the laity and by permitting priests to marry:The Education of a Christian Prince (Latin: Institutio principis Christiani) is a Renaissance "how-to" book for princes, by Desiderius Erasmus, which advises the reader on how to be a "good Christian" initiativeblog.com book was dedicated to Prince Charles, who later became Habsburg Emperor Charles initiativeblog.coms wrote the book in , the same year that .
Machiavelli and Erasmus Compared by GENNADY STOLYAROV II Two scholars who lived simultaneously during the Renaissance could be considered the principal representatives of two colossally different schools of thought, humanism and pragmatism, which may .
The Makings of a Prince: Erasmus, Machiavelli, and Idealism vs. Pragmatism in Political Rule The following is an adapted version of a term paper I wrote for a graduate level class in I hope that many of you will appreciate the juxtaposition of these two worldviews, especially in light of our current times.
Machiavelli and Erasmus were both humanists, but had very different points of view. Machiavelli whose writing was from the Italian humanist’s view, when Erasmus wrote from the points of view of Christian humanist in Europe may be one of reasons for huge differences in Machiavelli’s and Erasmus’ thoughts.
Desiderius Erasmus, (born October 27, , Rotterdam, Holland [now in the Netherlands]—died July 12, , Basel, Switzerland), Dutch humanist who was the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance, the first editor of the New Testament, and also an important figure in patristics and classical literature.
The ideal works, likes those of Erasmus, sought to hold the prince to a higher moral standard, while the realistic approach of Machiavelli seems to merely excuse a prince’s baser motives as a means to maintain or expand power.