For many years, hostility has existed between the two largest ethnic denominations in our country, the French and the English. Both have tried to undermine one another in aspects of religion, language, culture and politics. To understand the cause of this continuing bitter saga, one must take a journey back in time.
InCanada sent troops to participate in what was called the Nile Expedition, a brief involvement in the larger Mahdi conflict in British-run Sudan against a rebel group of Islamic fundamentalists.
From toin turn, more than 5, Canadians participated in a similar war to crush Dutch rebels in British-run South Africa, in a conflict known as the South African War or the Anglo-Boer War. Neither of these conflicts is particularly well-remembered today.
Seen here, "Soldier in a Landscape"depicting a British colonial solider in Africa. For all intents and purposes, Canada was now an independent country, with Britain only retaining a few increasingly symbolic powers.
Desperate Canadian workers and voters became drawn to revolutionary ideas and wild new political parties. It was a time of radicalism, but the outcomes were not always destructive.
InBritain again declared war on Germany, which was now run by the fanatic dictator Adolf Hitlerand though Canada was no longer automatically obligated to follow suit, pro-British sentiment in the country remained strong.
The government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King passed a supportive declaration of war against Germany a week later, and Canadian troops were once again sent to Europe. Overseas, Canadian troops again demonstrated great bravery playing a critical role in several key fronts, notably the failed battles of Hong Kong and Dieppeand the more successful invasion of Sicilyand liberation of the Netherlands The highlight of the festivities was the Expo 67 in Montreal, a massive outdoor festival featuring state-of-the-art rides and architecture, and cultural pavilions from 62 nations.
Johnsonand French leader General Charles de Gaulle — all paid a visit. InCanada said goodbye to its last British-appointed governorthe Viscount Alexanderand turned the office into a figurehead position to be filled by Canadian citizens.
The dominion of Newfoundland on the Maritime coast, which was a self-governing British colony, agreed to join the Canadian confederation ingiving Canada its 10th province — and present-day borders.
For years, this hostility and insecurity played out in the form of an ultra-conservative, extremely Catholic, largely feudal, agrarian society that shut itself off from much of the modernization that had occurred in the rest of Canada.
It was not until the midth century that the old ways began to break down.
Yet many Quebecers felt things were not improving fast enough. Separatism — the idea that Quebec was too different from the rest of Canada to exist as a province, and could only realize its full potential as an independent country — began to grow in popularity after the war, spurned by economic difficulties and a growing sense of self-reliance.
An openly separatist Quebec government, led by Premier Rene Levesquewas elected inand a referendum on separation from Canada was held in It failed, but the dynamic of Canadian-Quebec relations was forever changed.
Quick Facts The 20th century saw Canada emerge as a major industrialized country with a modern economy.
Canada participated in both world wars and used this participation as leverage to earn full independence from Britain. Since the war, a major source of political unrest has been the separatist ambitions of the French province of Quebec.
Successive Canadian governments have used symbols and government policy to help define the "Canadian identity. Labour unions came under particular suspicion of having Communist loyalties. Ina Winnipeg General Strike of more than 30, workers was brutally put down by authorities who feared a Communist plot.
Suspicion of secret Communist infiltration of Canadian society would continue throughout the Cold War The British Library Newfoundland The British colony of Newfoundland refused to join Canada inand continued to refuse for another 82 years before finally joining in As the easternmost point of the North American continent, Newfoundland was a useful strategic point for many innovators throughout the 20th century, including Guglielmo Marconi —who used it as broadcast point for his transatlantic wireless experiments, and pilots Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart ?
Toronto Public Library Vietnam and Canada Though Canada did not participate in the American-led war against Communist forces in Vietnamthe war affected the country in multiple ways.
Many young American men escaped across the Canadian border to avoid being drafted, while some Canadians crossed the other way to volunteer in the U.The French-English Relationship During the 20th Century in Canada Summary: Argues that WWI, WWII, the Quiet Revolution, and the October Crisis are the four main reason for the changes of French-English relationship in Canada during the twentieth century.
Throughout the 20th century, the relations between the French and the English in Canada had a significant negative impact on Canadian history. The defining moments that changed French-English relations in Canada were the WWI conscription crisis, the creation and the governing of the Union Nationale Party in the s, and Quebec's .
In the 20th Century, the relationship between English and French in Canada has deteriorated. French-English relations were already suffering and continued to do so before World War I. Through 18th-Century British exploration, 19th-Century gold rushes and settlement of the West in the lateth and earlyth centuries, Canada became a significant immigrant-receiving nation.
Migration of people from one country to settle in another has been central to Canadian history. Canada 20th century report card Role in the world Economic Growth Caring society and multicultural relations Technology French-English relations Aboriginal Issues Early 20th century Canada saw a growth in its role in the world during the time that Wilfred Laurier led the country for 15 years, Canada pursued policies that yielded great economic growth.
This essay will discuss the importance of these situations and its impact on the French and English relations.
The Red River Rebellion, led by Louis Riel, was one of the first major event that created the rift between the French and English Canadians.